The Criteria for Authenticity

For Historical Documents:

  1. Multiple attestation – if the fact about X is asserted by two or more
    sources, then the fact is likely authentic.
  2. Dissimilarity – if a teaching of X is different from popular teachings
    and concepts of that time and place, it is likely authentic.
  3. Embarrassment – if a fact is embarrassing to X or X’s community or the
    writers of the biography of X, then it is likely authentic.
  4. Enemy attestation – if a fact about X is corroborated by enemies of X,
    or X’s community, then that fact is likely to be authentic.
  5. Early attestation – if a fact about X is in an early source, then that fact
    is likely to be authentic.

Note: These rules can not be used in negation. Example, No early attestation thus X not authentic(which is fallacious)

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