A general scriptural arguments against pro-homosex would go like this:
- We are all obligated to do God’s will.
- God’s will is expressed in the Bible.
- The Bible forbids homosexual behavior.
- Therefore, homosexual behavior is against God’s will, or is wrong.
In these series I would try to show that (3) is true, thus if (1) and (2) are also true, then it does follows necessarily that homosexual behavior is sinful (as stealing, adultery, e.t.c).
If you have not read Christian Perspective On Homosexual Conduct Introduction and Definiton, and Pausing Homosexual Behavior Ethical Problem, I would wisely recommend you to do so before reading this part of the series.
In the Laws of Moses we commence:
There are two passages in Leviticus that explicitly condemn homosexual behavior. The first is “You shall not lie with a male as with a woman; it is an abomination (Le. 18:22) and the second “ If a man lies with a male as with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination; they shall surely be put to death; their blood is upon them (Le. 20:13)
Summarized Context of Leviticus 18
The book of Leviticus, the third book in Torah, chapter 18 predominantly records unlawful sexual relationship. Verse(s):
- 1-18 for the most part forbids sexual practice(“uncovering ones nakedness”) within family(incest),
- 19 forbids sexual practice with a woman in her menstrual uncleanness,
- 20 forbids sexual practices with ones neighbor’s wife(adultery),
- 21 forbids infant sacrifice to Molech,
- 22 forbids sexual practices between a man and a man(male homosex) and
- 23 forbids sexual practices with an animal(bestiality)
Verses 24-30 explains the Holiness of God, that ought to be reflected by his chosen nation. Thus “For everyone who does any of these abominations, the persons who do them shall be cut off from among their people(v.29 ESV)
Summarized Context of Leviticus 20:1-21
This chapter by and large records the punishment for unlawful sexual relationship. Verse(s):
- 1-5 infant sacrifice to Molech, capital punishment(death by stoning)
- 6 seeking/whoring mediums and necromancers, cut off from God’s people
- 9 cursing of ones parents, capital punishment(death)
- 10 adultery, both male and female, capital punishment
- 11-12 man sexual practices with “his father’s wife” or “daughter-in-law, both parties, capital punishment
- 13 male homosex( man sexual practice with male as with a woman), capital punishment
- 14 man who took a woman and her mother, death by fire.
- 15-16 bestiality, man/woman and an animal, death both man/woman and the animal
- 17 incest(man and his sister), death
- 18 sexual practice between a man and woman during her menstrual period, cut off from God’s people
- 19-21 sexual practice with close family, bears iniquity
It is unambiguous that 18:22 and 20:13 prohibit male homosexual behavior and according to Leviticus 20:23, male homosexual behavior is so abhorrent to the holiness of God, that it was punishable by death.
Pro-homosexʼs Commentators Objections: It is Just A Ritual Law
A pro-homosex apologists mostly do rise two objections.
(1) These are just ritual law (Holiness codes e.g. Myers and Scanzoni) and
(2) Homosex is listed with other Mosaic laws in the same book, that do not apply in the New Convent(the Law of Christ). For example, capital punishment of priest’s daughter who engaged herself in prostitution (Le. 21:9), excommunicating spouse for having sexual practices during menstrual period, et cetera are no longer binding to those in Christ.
Example, Boswell argued that “The Hebrew word “toebah,” here translated “abomination,” does not usually signify something intrinsically evil, like rape or theft…, but something which is ritually unclean for Jews, like eating pork or engaging in intercourse during menstruation, both of which are prohibited in these same chapters”(Boswell:1980:100).
These objections do not stand because they fail to distinguish between ritual law(holiness code) from moral laws. Eating of pork, or intercourse during menstruation, or behavior of priests daughter falls under ritual laws which indeed are no longer valid in the New Covenant, but the moral laws, which are universally bidding, such as these outline in Leviticus 20; adultery (v. 10-11), male homosex (v. 13), bestiality (v. 15-16) and incest (v. 17) transcends covenants thus applies “yesterday, today and tomorrow“.
Dennis Prager, one of America’s most respected thinkers and radio host captures this idea brilliantly: “It is one thing not to put a Torah punishment into practice and quite another to declare that a Torah sin is no longer a sin.”[Emphasis in the original] (Prager: 1997: n.p)
Next: What Was The Sin Of Sodom And Gomorrah?
John Boswell, Christianity, Social Tolerance, and Homosexuality (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980)
Dennis Prager, “Homosexuality, Judaism and Gay Rabbis,” The Prager Perspective, 3/1/97
“People may not be responsible for what they feel but they are responsible for what they do with what they feel.”
– Robert Gagnon