John the Golden-mouthed of Antioch, John Chrysostom(ca. 347-407), is arguably the greatest preacher of the patristic era. He was tutored the art of rhetoric by the finest pagan orator Libanius and studied theology under Diodore of Tarsus in a monastery near Antioch that emphasized on a historical and grammatical exegesis of the Scripture.
Michael Duduit elucidated that “John was nurtured to the faith by his pious mother, Anthusa. His early religious education was shaped by Meletius, the bishop of Antioch, and Diodorus, the leader of a catechetical school in the city”(Duduit 1992: 24)
Reading Chrysostom’s homilies on the Gospel of John, I unquestionably concur with Duiduit, that the Golden-mouthed’s exposition and application of Scripture “are a treasure of spiritual insight.” Here is a petite teaser of John 3:16:
For by the expression, “so loved,” and that other, “God the world,” He shows the great strength of His love. Large and infinite was the interval between the two. He, the immortal, who is without beginning, the Infinite Majesty, they but dust and ashes, full of ten thousand sins, who, ungrateful, have at all times offended Him; and these He “loved.” Again, the words which He added after these are alike significant, when He saith, that “He gave His Only-begotten Son,” not a servant, not an Angel, not an Archangel. And yet no one would show such anxiety for his own child, as God did for His ungrateful servants.[…]
Let us now be abashed at His love, let us be ashamed at the excess of His lovingkindness, since He for our sakes spared not His Only-begotten Son, yet we spare our wealth to our own injury; He for us gave His Own Son, but we for Him do not so much as despise money, nor even for ourselves. And how can these things deserve pardon? If we see a man submitting to sufferings and death for us, we set him before all others, count him among our chief friends, place in his hands all that is ours, and deem it rather his than ours, and even so do not think that we give him the return that he deserves. But towards Christ we do not preserve even this degree of right feeling. He laid down His life for us, and poured forth His precious Blood for our sakes, who were neither well-disposed nor good, while we do not pour out even our money for our own sakes, and neglect Him who died for us, when He is naked and a stranger; and who shall deliver us from the punishment that is to come?
I highly recommend his 88 homilies on the Gospel of John to those who are doing expository preaching through God-treasuring Gospel according to John.
Duduit, M. (1992). Handbook of Contemporary Preaching (24). Nashville, TN: Broadman Press.
John Chrysostom. (1889). Homilies of St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople, on the Gospel of St. John G. T. Stupart, Trans.). In P. Schaff (Ed.), A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, First Series, Volume XIV: Saint Chrysostom: Homilies on the Gospel of St. John and Epistle to the Hebrews (P. Schaff, Ed.) (95). New York: Christian Literature Company.